This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. All market data delayed 20 minutes. Eagle Squadron – The Band Of The Second Military District – Marching Along am a very casual person.

Please forward this error screen to 50. The Pancho Villa Expedition—now known officially in the United States as the Mexican Expedition, but originally referred to as the “Punitive Expedition, U. The expedition was launched in retaliation for Villa’s attack on the town of Columbus, New Mexico, and was the most remembered event of the Border War. The active search for Villa ended after a month in the field when troops sent by Venustiano Carranza, the head of the Constitutionalist faction of the revolution and now the head of the Mexican government, resisted the U. The Constitutionalist forces used arms at the town of Parral to resist passage of a U. Trouble between the United States and Pancho Villa had been growing since October 1915, when the United States government officially recognized Villa’s rival and former ally Venustiano Carranza as head of the government of Mexico.

On January 11, 1916, sixteen American employees of the American Smelting and Refining Company were removed from a train near Santa Isabel, Chihuahua, and summarily stripped and executed. But at about 4:00 am on March 9, 1916, Villa’s troops attacked Columbus, New Mexico, and Camp Furlong, the U. 13th Cavalry Regiment had been stationed since September 1912. However, Villa’s soldiers had suffered considerable losses, with at least sixty-seven dead and dozens more wounded. Many of the casualties were inflicted when the machine gun troop of the 13th Cavalry led by 2nd Lt. The next day, acting on the recommendations of the commanders of his cavalry regiments, Southern Department commanding general Frederick Funston recommended an immediate pursuit in force into Mexico. An adequate force will be sent at once in pursuit of Villa with the single object of capturing him and putting a stop to his forays.

This can and will be done in entirely friendly aid to the constituted authorities in Mexico and with scrupulous respect for the sovereignty of that Republic. Pershing assembled an expeditionary force consisting primarily of cavalry and horse artillery, the cavalry units armed with M1909 machine guns, M1903 Springfield rifles, and M1911 semi-automatic pistols. The 2nd Provisional Cavalry Brigade reached Colonia Dublán after dark on March 17, where Pershing established the main base of operations for the campaign. March 18 to begin the pursuit, followed by the 10th Cavalry moving by rail two days later. Villa had a six-day head start on the pursuit, all but ensuring that his forces would successfully break up into smaller bands and he would be able to hide in the trackless mountains. Nevertheless, he was nearly caught by the forced marches of the pursuing cavalry columns when he recklessly paused in his retreat to attack a Carrancista garrison.

Dodd’s force was unexpected by the Villistas, who hastily dispersed when the U. Dodd immediately attacked, sending one squadron west around the town to block escape routes and advancing with the other. A planned charge was thwarted when the fatigued horses were unable to attain the proper gait. After advancing from Namiquipa on March 24 to San Diego del Monte, the 10th Cavalry became isolated from Pershing’s headquarters by a fierce snow storm on March 31.